Although the name of India is not included by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) among the top ten courtiers of the planet in terms of “most visited” by numbers of travelers, in terms of tourism earners, with regards to most visited attractions, still the Indian native economy has been boosted by new emerging trends of various types of Indian tourism and it continues to grow. There are a number associated with factors responsible for the growth of Indian tourism at global level. India is a peaceful country with no political disturbance except for few locations where a tourist is required to get special permission from local authority in order to enter into that area.
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The country includes a federal structure with elected Governments in States. There are 28 says and 7 Union Territories given directly by the Central Government. There is certainly healthy competition of tour packages among all the states to bring in the tourists from all over the world with regard to speedy economic growth and employment generation. Not only this Ministry of Travel and leisure and Culture has recently launched a campaign called ‘Incredible India! ‘ in order to encourage different types of tourism in India.
Types of Indian Tourism
All kinds of tourism in India are predicting the Indian subcontinent as the ultimate tourist spot. The reason behind why Indian has been doing well in all types of travel and leisure is that India is a multilingual, modern, multi-religious and ready to assimilate other different cultures which are alien to this land and stable political system with tremendous geographical diversity, hospitality, originality and charm make it one of the four preferred tourist spot of the entire world. However , the different types of tourism associated with India which are captivating the imagination of the tourists from all parts of the world can be explained under the following headings:
Religious or Pilgrimage Travel and leisure
Since the ancient time, the name of India is synonymously taken with religious activities where the body of mythology related to Hinduism contained in Sanskrit literature such as Vedas, Upanishad, Vedanga, Mahakavya, Mahabharata, Ramayana and many others scriptures are found to make India as pilgrimage center of the world. Not only this, as a birth place of two great religions – Buddhism and Jainism – Indian has also become the hub of Buddhist pilgrimage especially from Theravada Buddhist world and from Mahayana Buddhist world with its major centres of Lumbini, Bodhgaya, Sarnath, Shravasti, Sankashaya, Nalanda, Rajgir etc . Today, India’s pilgrimage tourism has gained attention of the tourists from all parts of the world and people of all faiths are usually coming to India to see the religious places of Narayan Sarovar, Sudamas Porbandar, Kabirvad Shuklatirth, Kayavarohan, Bhadrakali, Haridwar, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Varanasi, Gangotri plus Yamunotri, Rishikesh, Shamlaji, Bodh Gaya, Ajmer, Punjab, Goa etc .
There are a number of places of archaeological importance which can be broadly classified as Stone Age, Indus Area, Neolithic-Chalcolithic, Megalithic-Early Historic and Late Historic periods. Famous archaeological sites of the Stone Age are are readily available in Peninsular India, more prominently at Pallavaram in Tamil Nadu, Hunsgi in Karnataka, Kuliana within Orissa, Didwana in Rajasthan, plus Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh. The websites of Neolithic-Chalcolithic Age are Inamgaon, Walki, Navdatoli, Ahar, Balathal, Gilund, Budhihal, Sangankalur, Maski, Brahmagiri, Utnur, Golbai, Pandu-Rajar-Dhibi, Chirand and Burzoham etc . Famous sites of Indus Valley Civilisation are Indus and Ghaggar river valleys, Kutch plus Saurashtra, Dholavira, Kalibangan, Lothal, Surkotda and Rakhigari. Famous sites of Megalithic Phase are Brahmagiri, Maski and Rajan Kalur, Bhagimari, Gadabas etc . Excavations at Kosambi, Saranath, Hastinapura, Vaishali, Rajgir and Bodh Gaya, Chandraketugarh, Sisupalgarh etc . have got revealed fortified cities dating back to this period. Famous sites of Buddhist Phase are Sanchi, Saranath, Ajanta, Kaneheri, Amravati, Sanati and Lalitgiri. Sites of Jainism Phase are usually Khandagiri-Udayagiri, Mathura. Some Islamic Archaeological sites are Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Hyderabad, northern Karnataka, Aurangabad, plus Bhopal.